Acne during Pregnancy
Know everything about acne and pregnancy
Acne or pimple is one of the common skin problems in pregnancy. Pregnancy is associated with bitter problems such as morning sickness, breathlessness, and even acne breakouts in some women. Every woman deserves to have clear skin and facial glow; but in some, it is held back due to severe acne breakouts.
It makes us sad is that you cannot take many modern acne treatments during pregnancy; as they are not safe and recommended. Overall, you are going to give birth to a new life and hence need extra attention and be cautious.
Let us understand why does acne occur during pregnancy:
Acne during pregnancy; it is just another acne and nothing different. As there is a sudden shift in physiological changes during pregnancy; an increase in hormones called androgens can cause the glands in your skin to grow and produce an oily substance called sebum (more than normal). This oil or sebum combines with the dirt and the dead debris lined up in the hair follicles and blocks the pores and further creates an environment for the normal bacteria to multiply rapidly; eventually leading to inflammations and skin eruption resulting in acne.
If you have a history of acne flares during menstruation; you are at high risk of getting acne breakouts during pregnancy. If you do not develop acne during the first trimester, it’s unlikely you’ll have breakouts during the second or third trimesters.
Management of Acne:
The management of acne is mainly restricted to home-based treatments such as home remedies and home care skin products such as:
Wash face: Wash your face gently at least twice a day using warm water or a mild cleanser to remove the excess oil, dead skin cells, and dirt; decreasing the possibility of acne. Avoid harsh scrubbing of the face.
Use oil-free makeup, lotions, or moisturizer.
Avoid touching and popping or squeezing your face with hands as they bacteria which may lead to secondary infected and scarring.
Avoid abnormal exposure to sunlight which causes redness or inflammation and further leads to hyperpigmentation. Use wide-brimmed hats and oil-free sunscreens.
Drink plenty of Water: at least 1.5-2 liters of water every day to detoxify your body and skin.
Avoid junk food, dairy products, and foods processed in high sugar as they may trigger acne. Consume more fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains…
Do regular exercise: which is good for the body, mind, and skin.
Sleep well: for about 7-9 hours which is good for your skin and baby.
Relieve Stress: change in necessary lifestyle may relieve stress; as stress increases internal cortisol levels, which in turn can increase the oil secretion.
Keep hair away from falling on the face; as oils and gels applied to your hairs will make oily or may irritate your skin coming in contact with it.
Honey has anti-inflammatory antibacterial properties and can be used to moisture the skin. Raw honey is a great source of vitamin, enzymes, and other natural nutrients.
A natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial due to its active compound zinc. You can make an oatmeal mask with honey, milk, or coconut water.
Lemon has antimicrobial properties in reducing acne and as an excellent exfoliant to reduce the appearance of scars.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting apple cider, or the unfiltered juice from pressed apples. It contains organic acids such as malic and lactic acid, may kill acne-causing bacteria and dry up the excess oil that causes acne. It even exfoliates the skin to reduce the red marks.
Acidic foods like citrus fruit juice or vinegar are astringent and can flush pores and help dry out acne.
Green tea is very high in antioxidants, and drinking it can promote good health. Applying 2-3% green tea significantly reduces sebum production, fight inflammation, and pimples in those with acne-prone skin. This is because the flavonoids and tannins in green tea are known to fight bacteria and reduce inflammation.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil has strong anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, help prevent acne and pimples.
Turmeric ingredients have anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties and a solid solution to get rid of acne at home.
Egg whites have been used as a quite effective home remedy for wrinkles and pimples.
Aloe Vera is a tropical plant whose leaves produce a clear gel… Aloe Vera has antibacterial properties and can promote healing, fight infection, and even reduce scarring. Aloe vera also contains salicylic acid and sulfur, which are both used extensively in the treatment of acne
Medicines without prescription called OTC products can be tried with caution. If OTC medicines failed to work, better to consult a dermatologist. They may prescribe topical medicines such as benzoyl peroxide (2.5%), salicylic acid, clindamycin, or oral antibiotic in very severe cases, depending upon type and severity of acne.