Dark circles reveal the secret of ageing, exhaustion and lack of sleep and are often accompanied by under-eye bags. Dark circles can make you appear older than you are. Dark circles can affect your facial appearance significantly, hence early treatment can prevent from getting the issue worse.
A dark circles under the eyes is a very common condition in both men and women and are mostly due to prolonged exposure to TV or computer screen and or exhaustion. As we age, the skin gets thin and loses fat and collagen can make the reddish-blue blood vessels under your eyes more obvious.
There are a number of contributing factors for dark circles. Some causes include
Genetics: Family history with an inherited trait seen early in childhood, and may worsen as you age. As predispositions to other medical conditions such as thyroid disease can also result in dark circles beneath your eyes.
Fatigue: Extreme fatigue or just staying up for long hours with a lack of sleep can also cause fluid underneath your eyes, causing them to appear puffy. Lack of sleep can cause your skin to become dull and pale, allowing the blood vessels more visible causing darken eyes
Ageing: Natural aging is a common cause of dark circles. As you get older, your skin becomes thinner, loses the fat and collagen which is needed to maintain your skin’s elasticity. As this occurs, the dark blood vessels beneath your skin become more visible causing under eye dark circles.
Eye strain: Continuous and constant staring at television or computer screen can cause significant strain on your eyes, which indeed can cause blood vessels around your eyes to enlarge and appear under eye dark circles.
Allergies: Allergic reactions and eye dryness can trigger dark circles. As an allergic reaction (itching, redness, and puffy eyes) body releases histamines which in turn cause your blood vessels to dilate and become more visible beneath your skin and result in dark shadows
When your body is not receiving the proper amount of water, the skin beneath the eyes begins to look sunken dull, and closer to the underlying bone.
Nutritional deficiency especially iron and vitamin C & E
Unhealthy habits Under-eye dark circles may also be an indicator of an unhealthy lifestyle, like smoking.
To overcome dark circles dermatologist suggest best under eye dark circle treatments rather than wasting your time in silly home remedies.
Medical treatment includes plenty of options depending on the patient’s severity, skin type, causative factors and the patient expectation from the treatment.
We at Clear Skin centre recommend multiple combos laser treatments for under eye dark circles.
Our Dermatologists recommends skin lightening creams to treat under eye dark circles as the first line of treatment. These are plenty of skin lightening agents as mentioned below:
Oral medication: Oral antioxidants especially Vitamin C and in case of allergy oral antihistamines.
A chemical peel is a treatment in which a chemical solution is used to improve the texture and tone of the skin by peeling the dead outer layers. Chemical peels like Glycolic, Jessners and combination of salicylic acid, lactic acid used to treat Dark circle removal treatment. Treating with hydroquinone or retinoic acid is consider as Best treatment for dark circles.
PRP treatment includes injecting the serum into superficial layers of skin. As the PRP growth factors stimulate collagen production and regains elasticity and a chubby look to fill the hollows under the eyes.
After the PRP procedure, the skin improves metabolism, removes dead cells to promote healing and new skin formation, dark circles and puffiness are replaced with brighter, thicker, and tighter skin.
Laser treatment emits light energy which is quickly converted into heat and passes harmlessly through the upper layer of the skin. Laser target the excess pigment in the skin called melanin by fracturing the pigment into tiny particles or by vaporizes damaged cells; thus inducing collagen generation and subsequent new cell formation. Laser Treatments for dark circles is very safe and most effective.
Q-switch ND-Yag Laser: Q-switch nano and pico laser with 1064nm wavelength to target the melanin pigment in the skin and decrease the under eye hyper-pigmentation.
Fractional skin resurfacing laser: stimulates collagen, which thickens the skin under the eyes, thereby reducing under eye dark circles. It also tightens loose skin and removes excess skin that is responsible for the ‘baggy’ under-eye appearance.
Intense pulsed light (IPL): targets both the melanin and vasculature of the skin which is responsible for under eye dark circles.
Hydradermabrasion it is a combination of dermabrasion and nourishment, protection and hydration of your skin with antioxidants, hyaluronic acid, and peptides
Fat from the patient’s own body is injected in the under-eye area to restore the volume and to reduce hollowed eye appearance. Nowadays this is preferred alternative peri-orbital dark circles treatment as the fat enables the volume loss under the eye responsible for dark circles.
Fillers like Hyaluronic acid, Poly-L-lactic acid, Calcium hydroxylapatite are used to inject under the eye to treat under eye dark circles treatment. They make under eye area look brighter and enables the volume loss under the eye responsible for dark circles.