Freckles also called “Ephelides”. Freckles appear as clusters of a circular, brownish-colored spot, formed by concentrated melanized cells and are more common in fair-skinned individuals and a major sign of exposure to sunlight.
Freckles are not a skin disease, but people with freckles generally have a lower concentration of photo-protective melanin and are therefore more susceptible to the harmful effects of UV radiation. It is suggested to avoid overexposure to the sun and use round the year sunscreen SPF>50.
Freckles are caused due to prolonged exposure to sun’s UV rays in genetic predisposed people.
People with blond or red hair, light-colored eyes, and fair skin, are more to get damage by UV rays and hence develop freckles.
Treatment is rarely needed, especially in cosmetically concerned individuals. Sun protection and regular use of sunscreen is the best way to prevent from occurring freckles.
Treatments are usually safe when conservative methods fail. Most often a combination of treatments is advisable to obtain desirable results. Also, the same treatment may not work for every skin type, and freckles may recur with repeated sunlight exposures, it’s better to consult an expert dermatologist for Best freckles treatment. Few treatments which are commonly applied are listed below:
Regular use of skin bleaching creams, containing hydroquinone and kojic acid, helps lighten freckles over a period of months. Bleaching creams work better in combination with sun protection.
Retinoids such as tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene may be used in conjunction with other bleaching creams to enhance the lightening effect.
Chemical peels carried out by professionals can also help lighten freckles and improve irregular pigmentation in some types of freckles. Usually medium-depth peels such as glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid that reach up to the mid-layers of the skin are used.
This treatment is to be carried only with experts in the field of dermatology by freeze or spark lightly with liquid nitrogen and radio-surgery unit to treats some types of freckles and in some patients who can’t afford laser treatment. It is noted that every patient doesn’t respond well to this form of therapy.
Laser treatment emits light energy which is quickly converted into heat and target by fracturing the pigment into tiny particles and subsequent clearance of the freckles.
Several types of lasers and light are quite safe, with a high success rate and extremely low risk with Laser treatments for freckles. Among lasers, Q-switched lasers are the gold standard, with the highest success rate in treating freckles. Intense Pulse Light (IPL) treatment is quite effective for another laser-based technique, to tackle freckles.
We at Clear skin laser centre has the highest success rate in treating freckles with the world’s most advanced Pico lasers
Preventing the freckles is more effective than treating freckles. Clear skin centre shares easy steps you can take in order to help prevent Freckles.