Skin tags are small growths of soft, hanging skin supported by a thin stalk. They can appear anywhere on the body, commonly found in skin folds, in areas like the neck, armpits, groin, and eyelids.
The medical term is acrochordon and some people call them “skin tags or warts.
Few other features of Skin tag:
They are common in both men and women, especially after age 50
They are usually harmless and painless but may become irritated from rubbing against clothing and jewelry or other skin.
They may appear as a small flattened pin-head-sized bump, most tags small (2-5mm) and some may become large as 1cm or fig 5cm in diameter.
Obesity seems to be associated with skin tag development.
Causes and risk factors:
The exact causes of skin tags are not clear, but it may occur when clusters of collagen and blood vessels become trapped inside thicker pieces of skin, could be skin rubbing against skin. Skin tags appear to be more common in:
Overweight and obese
Pregnancy due to hormonal changes and high levels of growth factors
Family history of skin tags
Type II diabetes
The most common reason for removal is the cosmetic appearance due to unsightly growth causing self-image issues and in few, it can become irritated from rubbing against clothing and jewelry or other skin, may require removal.
The procedure of removal is generally done under local anesthesia, after ensuring the area to be treated is numb, one of the following procedure is undertaken:
·Electrocautery: a high-frequency alternating electric current to cauterize and remove the skin tag.
·Cryosurgery: The skin tag is frozen off using a probe containing liquid nitrogen
·Ligation: Older day’s treatment, the blood supply to the skin tag is interrupted by tying a knot at the base of it.
·Excision: The tag is cut out with a scalpel or surgical scissors.
After the procedure, you may have to take analgesics and antibiotics to relieve pain and avoid infection respectively.
We at our Clear Skin Laser Centre use the most advance and best technique for skin tag removal electrosurgery by Ellman radiofrequency device, outpatient procedure with highest safety measures. Skin tag removal at home is not normally advisable, due to a risk of bleeding and possible infection.