Vitiligo is an acquired skin pigmentation disorder, characterized by milky-white or discolored patches, single or multiple on any part of the body. The reason behind this pigmentation is due to the progressive destruction of color-producing cells of the skin called melanocytes.
Under-eye dark circles is a very common condition where there is a darkening of the skin of the eyelids and sometimes extending onto cheeks.
Dark circles under the lower eyelids are common in men and women. Often accompanied by bags, dark circles can make you appear older than you are.
Freckles also called “ephelides”. Freckles appear as clusters of a circular, brownish-colored spot, formed by concentrated melanized cells and are more common in fair-skinned individuals and a major sign of exposure to sunlight.
Lentigo is a small, sharply circumscribed, pigmented macule surrounded by normal skin. A lentigo is a small pigmented spot due to increased melanocytes in the epidermis, just above the basement layer; in contrast to moles that have a nest of melanocytes.
Melasma is the most common skin problem, more frequently seen in women than in men, generally starts between the age of 20 and 40 years, It’s also called chloasma, or the “mask of pregnancy” as it is so common during pregnancy.
Puffy eyes also known as under-eye “bags” or peri-orbital puffiness, or swelling around the eyes. Under-eye “bags” may be normal for a given individual, as they run in some family. health condition.
It is caused by the overproduction of the melanin pigment in the skin. It is a commonly concerned issue nowadays and can affect any part of the body including the face, neck, and hands. The following are the main causes of skin pigmentation:
Skin pigmentation disorders can be due to changes in melanin. Melanin is a skin pigment produced by melanocytes situated in superficial layer epidermis, gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes. Melanin composition differs, fairer skin has a low composition and darker individuals with a high composition of melanin.
Skin is exposed to a variety of things like sun rays, dust, pollution, vitamin deficiency, drugs, and many more which leads to increased melanin production causing skin tans or darker skin. Skin hyperpigmentation normally referred to as Skin pigmentation or Skin Darkening
As you get older, more stress is added to their lives, and start to get less sleep, put so much pressure on the soft and sensitive skin around eyes, become droopy and tired. Many other factors such as allergies and genetics contribute to dark circles, eye puffiness, under-eye bags, and so on.
Nowadays, people do tattooing as a fashion statement, sentimental reasons, religious, and emotional decision, no doubt that the popularity of tattoo is now growing rapidly. Tattoos are done by inserting colored ink into the skin. Tattoos are fashionable at teenagers but the same tattoo is inappropriate at the time of searching for jobs.
A scar is defined as the fibrous tissue (collagen) that replaces normal tissue destroyed by injury or disease. This skin is different in color, thickness, and texture than the surrounding skin. Scars are visible signs left by a healed wound, sore, acne, burn, and some types of accidental injuries.