Molluscum contagiosum is a common and contagious skin infection caused by a virus, and appears as non-itchy, painless, raised papules or nodules on the skin.
Molluscum contagiosum may also spread from person to person and contact with infected objects.
However, early Molluscum Contagiosum treatment or removal and preventing measures help in the spreading of the disease.
If you are infected with the molluscum contagiosum virus it takes about 2 to 8 weeks (maximum up to 6months) to see symptoms.
Molluscum bumps are neither itchy nor painful and appear as very small, shiny, firm, and white to pink, dome-shaped with a dimple in the middle. The size between 2 to 5 mm and can occur anywhere, predominant over the face, arm, abdomen. Usually, the palms and soles are spared. The bumps appear in a small group or alone.
It can be a sign of HIV and many other immune disorders, if the Bumps size of 15 mm. Bumps appear first in the genital area and involving the face to be considered as sexually transmitted disease (STD) (external link)
If left untreated, this infection resolves itself within 4 to 12 months, but in some cases, it may lead to:
Anyone can get infected with molluscum contagiosum virus by touching the lesions with bare hands since it is contagious. The following people are the increase risk factors of getting infected:
Medication and surgical treatments are available, but in most cases with a good immune system, you don’t require treatment as the lesions fade away without medical intervention.
However, it justifies treating it is as a contagious disease; and can spread from one area to another in the same individual.
Topical cream such as retinoic acid cream or imiquimod or podophyllotoxin cream and oral immunomodulators such as levamisole can be used. Antiviral cidofovir (topical or intravenous) is effective in extensive involvement. Antiretroviral therapy for the patient suffering from HIV and molluscum contagiosum, it can work to strengthen the immune system to fight the virus.
Dermatological therapy is advised if medical therapy fails to work or our body’s immune system does respond to the infection to heal on its own.
Curettage, the doctor pierces the bump and scrapes it off the skin with a small tool.
Chemical therapy containing trichloroacetic acid or cantharidin which is applied by skin professionals
Cryotherapy: to freeze each bump with liquid nitrogen.
Electrosurgery: This is using a small probe with an electric current to cauterize the skin tissue.
Ablative lasers such as co2 and erbium YAG laser to destroy each lesion.
The most effective treatments for molluscum contagiosum are the dermatological procedures performed by a dermatologist.
The best way to prevent getting molluscum contagiosum is to avoid touching the skin of the infected person. It spread by direct contact; it is advised to the patient to cover the infected area with a cloth or waterproof bandages. These suggestions can also help you prevent the spread of the infection: