Moles are the most common pigmented skin growths, the medical term is ‘nevi’, appears as small raised dark brown spot, though the skin color can range from pink to black. The pigment-producing skin cells melanocytes are evenly spread throughout our skin, though they can grow in clusters thus forming moles.
Moles can exist at birth or appear later. Generally, they appear during childhood and adolescence. Most adults have 10 to 40 moles.Most moles are harmless, but in rare cases they become cancerous.
However, monitoring of the existing moles and sudden multiple new eruptions is an important step detecting skin cancer, called malignant melanoma.
Most moles do not require treatment except for those cosmetically undesired, but some cases require Mole Removal treatment
Genetic predisposition and abnormal exposure to the sun play an important role. Hormonal changes during puberty and pregnant women can provoke melanocyte to develop moles.
Congenital moles are present at birth and are caused by melanocyte cells in the dermis-epidermis. These moles vary in size from small, medium, or giant. The giant congenital mole can turn cancerous as they ages to adult life.
Acquired moles are those that you develop later in life. Most of these are brown to dark brown and are found in people regularly exposed to the sun. These are dome-shaped smooth, pigmented with a distinct shape, and 3-6 mm in diameter. These moles are less likely or not likely to turn into cancer.
Here the melanocytes accumulate or proliferate between the epidermis and dermis to form these moles. They are raised, uniformly pigmented with a diameter of 2-6mm, and have regular borders.
: Here the melanocyte proliferates in the epidermis and migrates into the dermis with the maturation of the cells in the deep dermis. They are round or oval with slightly raised in the central part and have flattened distinct borders.
They are located in the dermis and proliferate in deeper skin; hence they are not as pigmented as junctional or compound nevi. They are formed as we age and are flesh-colored, dome-shaped papule or nodule.
They are also called a dysplastic nevus. Atypical moles are often odd or irregular shapes, larger than a pencil end or eraser, and appear blurry with mixed color (brown, red, and pink). They are either raised or flat and look like melanoma. However, it is not melanoma but has a higher risk of forming melanoma or cancer. They can appear anywhere on the body, often seen on the trunk.
Surgical Excision is done to remove the congenital nevi or larger nevi which require closure of the wound.
Surgical shave with a sterile blade to remove superficial nevi like junctional nevi.
Radiosurgery by Ellman is the best and reasonable price treatment to remove the mole and is done by reputed skin professionals.
Co2 & Er.YAG Lasers is performed to remove the compound or intradermal nevi
Q Switch Nd-YAG Laser can be performed to remove tiny and superficial moles like junctional nevi, as most of the time moles do not require skin biopsy and or removal.