Clear Skin and Hair Laser Center

Mole Removal

Mole Removal

Advance Mole removal treatment

Moles are the most common pigmented skin growths, the medical term is ‘nevi’, appears as small raised dark brown spot, though the skin color can range from pink to black.

Moles can exist at birth or appear later. Generally, they appear during childhood and adolescence. Most adults have 10 to 40 moles.

Moles occur when melanocytes in the skin grow in a cluster instead of being spread throughout the skin sun exposure in childhood causes an increase in the number of moles. Most adults have 10 to 40 moles.

Most moles are harmless, but in rare cases they become cancerous. However, monitoring of the existing moles and sudden multiple new eruptions is an important step detecting skin cancer, called malignant melanoma.

Genetic predisposition and abnormal exposure to the sun play an important role. Hormonal changes during puberty and pregnant women can provoke melanocyte to develop moles.

Most moles do not require treatment except for those cosmetically undesired, but some cases require Mole removal treatment. .

Types of Moles

Congenital Nevus

Congenital moles are present at birth and are caused by melanocyte cells in the dermis-epidermis. These moles vary in size from small, medium, or giant. The giant congenital mole can turn cancerous as they ages to adult life.

Acquired mole or Common mole

Acquired moles are those that you develop later in life. Most of these are brown to dark brown and are found in people regularly exposed to the sun. These are dome-shaped smooth, pigmented with a distinct shape, and 3-6 mm in diameter. These moles are less likely or not likely to turn into cancer.

Acquired moles or nevi are further differentiated depending on the location of involvement

Junctional Melanocytic Nevi

Here the melanocytes accumulate or proliferate between the epidermis and dermis to form these moles. They are raised, uniformly pigmented with a diameter of 2-6mm, and have regular borders.

Compound Nevi

Here the melanocyte proliferates in the epidermis and migrates into the dermis with the maturation of the cells in the deep dermis. They are round or oval with slightly raised in the central part and have flattened distinct borders.  

Intradermal Nevi

They are located in the dermis and proliferate in deeper skin; hence they are not as pigmented as junctional or compound nevi. They are formed as we age and are flesh-colored, dome-shaped papule or nodule.

Atypical mole

They are also called a dysplastic nevus. Atypical moles  are often odd or irregular shapes, larger than a pencil end or eraser, and appear blurry with mixed color (brown, red, and pink). They are either raised or flat and look like melanoma. However, it is not melanoma but has a higher risk of forming melanoma or cancer. They can appear anywhere on the body, often seen on the trunk.

Higher risk of getting melanoma with atypical mole

  • Four or more atypical moles.
  • History of having melanoma
  • First-degree relative or parents having melanoma. ( brother, sister, or child) 

Mole removal treatments

Surgical Excision

Surgical Excision is done to remove the congenital nevi or larger nevi which require closure of the wound.

Shave Excision

Surgical shave with a sterile blade to remove superficial nevi like junctional nevi.

Radio curettage

Radiosurgery by Ellman (internal link) is the best and reasonable price treatment to remove the mole and is done by reputed skin professionals.

Laser mole removal treatment includes

Co2 & Er.YAG Lasers is performed to remove the compound or intradermal nevi

Q Switch Nd-YAG Laser  can be performed to remove tiny and superficial moles like junctional nevi, as most of the time moles do not require skin biopsy and or removal.

Intervention treatment either skin biopsy or removal of a mole is required for the following conditions

  • Cosmetic undesired normal moles can be removed with the biopsy punch or surgical excision or radiofrequency device or CO2 laser.
  • Suspicious (could be skin cancer) like abnormal or atypical moles are not malignant, and may or may not need to be removed. If removed, proper stitches to be done and regular check-ups are required.
  • Malignant moles or melanoma: These are cancerous moles and must be removed immediately. Surgical excision has to be performed.

Hence regular examination of moles and sun-exposed skin on a monthly or quarter yearly basis, as of risk factors and avoid suntan parlour 

Preventive measures

  • Using sunscreens with SPF 50
  • Using wide-brimmed hats
  • Using sun-protective clothing (shirts, long sleeves, long pants)
  • Avoiding overexposure to the sun from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m
  • Seeking shade and staying indoors as age increases
  • Monitor your moles by examining your skin carefully, including areas of skin not exposed to the sun, on a monthly basis.
  • Avoid tanning and do not use UV tanning booths.
  • Avoid burning

Risk factors of moles

  • Moles that are likely to be cancerous are those that look different than other existing moles or those that first appear after age 30. Change moles colour, height, size, or shape noticed.
  • They may also bleed, ooze, itch, or become tender or painful.