Dandruff is the most common scalp condition; it is usually chronic, presenting as white or grayish flakes of dead skin cells. The excessive shedding of flakes resulting in intense itching; which naturally leads to forcible scratching to relieve that itch, it weakens the hair follicles and ultimately leads to hair fall. Dandruff is often associated with either oily or dry scalp.
Dandruff and Hair Loss
Dandruff itself does not cause hair loss. It can cause itchiness, leading to scratching and severe dandruff. However, severe dandruff can cause constant and aggressive scratching of the scalp so that they injure the hair follicles. Repeated inflammation in the hair follicles can further damage the hair roots, leading to hair loss.
Dandruff and hair loss have a complex correlation. Dandruff is a skin condition involving the scalp, while hair loss involves injury or inflammation of hair follicles causing thinning and hair fall. Hence there is no direct relationship between dandruff and hair loss. It is the constant and vicious scratching activated by dandruff is the real offender responsible for hair fall.
However, dandruff can increase hair loss in people with androgenic alopecia, a condition that causes male or female pattern baldness.
Causes of Dandruff
The exact origin of dandruff is unrevealed.
Dandruff is associated with increased oil production and secretion and increases normal skin yeast Malassezia furfur.
Mild dandruff is a very common condition in almost every individual with all normal activity.
Dandruff may be triggered or worsened by the following:
• Too oily or too dry skin or scalp
• Weather-hot humid climate or dry and cold season
• Poor Hygiene-infrequent bathing
• Infrequent washing or shampooing
• A poor immune system such as HIV/AIDS
• Chronic illness such as Parkinson’s disease.
• Lifestyle-emotional or mental stress
• Improper diet.
• Excessive use of chemical-related products or hair cosmetics.
• Airborne irritants.
Dandruff may have a hereditary component, as it runs in few families.
Clinical features of Dandruff?
Medical terminology refers to dandruff as seborrhea or seborrheic dermatitis.
Dandruff can occur at any age, from infancy to the elderly. Dandruff during infancy is called a cradle cap and in a teenage called druff in short. It is common between 15 to 50 years of age.
Almost everyone suffers from dandruff and hair loss at some point in their lives.
Dandruff affects any hair-bearing area, even with very small hair follicles; thereby it not only affects the scalp, but also the ears, eyebrows, sides of the nose, beard, and the central part of the chest.
The signs and symptoms include:
• White flakes on clothes.
• Itchy or scaly scalp
• White flakes on any hair-bearing area of the body.
• Scaly skin or rash over the face, eyebrows, ears, nose, beard, or chest.
Most of them do not have any scalp symptoms but complain of white flakes on their shoulders, particularly noticeable on dark clothes. In severe cases of dandruff may cause intense itching, burning, and non-stop scratching.
Other possible conditions that may have similar signs and symptoms are psoriasis, rosacea, Atopic or contact or allergic or photodermatitis, dry skin, lupus, and fungal infection of scalp and hair.
Untoward effects of dandruff
Dandruff is usually harmless; it is not exactly a disease but more of a physiological event.
Moreover dandruff in a complex situation, it may lead to acne and other related medical conditions.
Social embarrassment: Scalp itching due to dandruff may have an impact on individual life such as irritation and social embarrassment.
Disrupt daily activity: such as work and sleep due to severe itching.
Hair loss: due to severe itching
Acne: dandruff worsens acne, in acne-prone skin, suggested to keep hair falling on the face. Dandruff is the frequent cause of acne over the back in the adolescent.
Eye involvement: Blepharitis is the inflammation of eyelids affecting the eyelashes causing irritation and redness.
Seborrhoeic Intertrigo: skin folds such as the axilla, between breast and groin are usually involved.
The mainstay of treatment is shampoo the scalp. Use of medicated shampoo containing ketoconazole, salicylic, tar, zinc pyrithione or selenium sulfide at least twice a week keep your scalp free from dandruff. All the seborrhoeic or affected areas including the scalp, ears, face, and chest should also be washed with the therapeutic shampoo. However, few home remedies along with shampoo can achieve the best results.
Home tips for dandruff:
· Shampoo more often can help to reduce the oils on your scalp.
· Daily combing or brushing your hair removes the flakes or dirt and improves scalp circulation.
· Have a coconut oil massage to improve the circulation of the scalp and remove dandruff and dirt. Massage using 10 drops of tea tree oil with 5 tablespoons of coconut oil, encourages hair growth.
· Avoid oily hair and skin products.
· Avoid excessive use of chemical-related or alcohol-based hair care products.
· Avoid milk and dairy products that increase skin yeast growth such as bread, cheese, fermented foods, and alcohol beverages and reduce the use of citrus fruits like lemon, tomato and so on, to prevent triggering of dandruff.
· Avoid tightly fitted caps, hats, head wraps, or helmets.
· Avoid scratching of the scalp if you suffer from dandruff to prevent hair fall. Regular and frequent shampooing only can help out from dandruff and hair loss.
Dandruff associated with scratching or inflammation may be treated with a mild topical steroid such as hydrocortisone 1%, once or twice a day to the affected skin areas to help decrease inflammation.
Dandruff involving eyelid has to be treated with gentle or baby shampoo; using a cotton tip applicator to clean the eyelash margin and avoiding shampoo getting directly into the eyes.
Oral medication: in resistant and troublesome cases of dandruff oral medication such as ketoconazole can be given.
Dandruff & Hair Disorders:-
Dandruff is a chronic, non-inflammatory condition of the scalp that is characterized by excessive scaling of scalp tissue. It is not exactly a disease but more of a physiological event. But if the dandruff is in a complex situation it may lead to acne and other related medical conditions.
Dandruff may be caused due to the following factors –
• Winters or dry season
• UV radiation
• Dry skin
• Air born irritants
• In sickness
• Excessive use of chemical-related products or hair cosmetics
• Improper diet
If you have dry and unmanageable hair, do not get depressed. Most cases of dry and unmanageable hair are reversible and can be cured with various effective treatments.
Caslite Hair Analyzer:
• For every problem a careful analysis should be done. Hairs are not just a tool of adornment but also indicators of how our overall health is. Many a time’s hair problems give us an indication that something is wrong within our body. Something wrong in the sense, we might be suffering from some kind of deficiency, or improper functioning of our internal organs like liver, kidney, or some sort of hormonal imbalance.
We have designed this test to find out why a person is losing hair, or how much of his/her hair is in the growing or resting or falling phases. A close analysis helps us to identify common root problems. It can be anything like dirt or hair-styling product build-up, bacteria and fungus, DHT enzyme symptoms, sebum build-up, and lack of hair nutrition.
• Targeted UV-B Phototherapy Comb (Lumera Comb):
This procedure helps in making the patient’s scalp dandruff free along with strengthening the hair roots and thickening them.
• Low-Level Laser Therapy (Laser Helmet):
This technique increases blood flow to the scalp and hair follicles, also stimulating lymph circulation, which stimulates hair growth.
• Specialized Treatment
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Getting your eyebrows done through waxing, plucking or threading are some of the simple methods that the majority of us follow. Similarly, when we talk about eyebrow restoration there is a number of treatments and procedures available to make your eyebrows the perfect one. At Clear skin, we offer you with the following solutions –
• Hair transplant
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Whenever going for a facial rejuvenation treatment, the same has to be done with the full consent of the patient. At CLEAR SKIN we strive towards providing you with the best possible effective treatment in a painless manner. There are lots of home remedies you can try at home if the hair problem is very minor. But if the situation is getting worse and complicated then home remedies and unauthorized treatments from unqualified quackery can lead to irreversible damages to your hair and internal system. Only a good dermatologist specialized in hair related problems can correctly diagnose and treat your hair problems. Hence if your hair loss is getting bad come to us at once. We at CLEAR SKIN CENTRE have designed some specific hair loss treatment modalities to amend your hair loss problems.
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