Chickenpox scars treatment
Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease. Most of the people have it once during their lifetime, usually in childhood; and this single episode may cause lasting effects such as chickenpox scars.
Chickenpox scars are more likely to develop if a person picks or scratches at the rash; can cause damage to the skin by inducing deep wound and the body, in turn, produces a tissue that is thicker than skin to repair it, called as scar Typically, chickenpox scars appear as round, depressed marks on the face. They tend to be small, but they can raise a cosmetic concern when they occur in a prominent location such as the face.
Treatment: Chickenpox scar treatment may involve several options depending on the type and location of the scar.
Over-the-counter treatments for scars:
OTC creams: Some OTC scar-removal creams and ointments may help to reduce the appearance of chickenpox scars; which contain specific ingredients such as retinol and glycolic acid.
Exfoliants: can remove old and dead skin cells either mechanical or chemical ways. Mechanical exfoliants include face scrubs, pumice stones, etc., which all have a rough texture that can scrape away dead skin cells. Chemical exfoliants include some lotions or ointments, containing chemicals that pull away the old skin cells to reveal younger skin.
Scar removal creams: Over-the-counter (OTC) scar removal creams contain varying combinations of ingredients such as Mederma, thought to help prevent scars or reduce their appearance.
Medical treatments: is the best and scientific approach for removing chickenpox scars. These treatments include
Chemical peels: Chemical peeling is a simple process of inducing a chemical solution in a controlled manner to remove the top layers. High potency acid is spread over the skin, removing the outer layer and improving the look of superficial scars.
Fillers: Soft tissue fillers are injected directly into the depressed or sunken scars by using fillers such as Restylane or hyaluronic acid or fat; to reduce its appearance. These treatments are temporary, lasting about six months.
Microneedling: Microneedling using derma roller or stamping with tiny needles that stimulate the healing process leading to new collagen; this can raise a sunken scar back toward normal skin level.
Microdermabrasion or Dermabrasion: Microdermabrasion is a process that uses a special device with a rapidly rotating handpiece to sand away the top layer of skin. It’s more superficial than dermabrasion, which penetrates more deeply into the tissue, allowing for skin restructuring. Dermabrasion involves rotating electrical machine, can completely remove surface scars and significantly improve the look of deep scars. Both treatments are very effective against scars.
Punch excision: Very small scars can be simply removed by punch-excision. This involves using a round surgical punch to remove the chickenpox scar and then close the defect by placing one or two small sutures.
Laser treatment or Energy-based devices: is the best treatment available for any type of scars. Laser resurfacing is one of the most commonly used professional scar treatments. It can reduce the appearance of old scars, improve sunken chickenpox scars, and lessen the color of scars. There are several types of laser resurfacing including ablative and non-ablative, with the former being slightly more invasive than the latter.
Fractional Microneedle RF:
Fractional MNRF delivers the energy deeper into the dermis; provides fractional ablation, creates microthermal zones, and leaves the healthy skin around, for rapid healing. The microneedles are driven directly into the skin at a certain depth, and radiofrequency energy is then released; generating heat throughout the dermis. It results in volumetric tightening, collagen remodeling, and collagen production. It is considered safer than fractional laser treatment and can be used on all types of skin without any major adverse effects.
Pico laser: Pico Laser (or picosecond laser) is a laser device that uses a very short pulse duration < 1 nanosecond which predominantly causes photoacoustic damage. Pico laser works by creating a laser-induced optical breakdown or micro subsicion; which promotes collagen and elastin production.
The following are few preventative tips to reduce their risk of highly visible chickenpox scars. This may involve:
Avoiding scratching: by physical inhibition and antihistamines to prevent scratching. Wearing sunscreen at all times: may help prevent a scar from getting darker as are more noticeable. Keep the skin hydrated by applying soothing lotion or cocoa butter and aloe vera may be beneficial during a chickenpox outbreak.
Moreover, the best way to prevent chickenpox scars is to avoid infection or vaccinate children from chickenpox
Many treatments are available to help remove chickenpox scars. Fortunately, there are many treatment options available. To begin with, you can try with OTC treatments for mild cases, or go directly to an expert with reputed laser centre nearby.